Arizona Woodpecker

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image: arizonawoodpecker.jpg

Common Name: Arizona Woodpecker

Scientific Name: Picoides arizonae

Size: 7.25 inches (18.4cm)

Habitat: In the United States only occurs in the mountains of extreme southwestern New Mexico and southeastern Arizona. Range extends southward in Mexico. Restricted to Madrean woodland and forests riparian areas, where they are especially dependent on evergreen oaks and adjacent riparian woodland, occur in montane oak or pine-oak habitats.

Status: Least Concern. Global Population: 200,000 mature individuals. This species is of moderate conservation importance, primarily because of its very limited range and small overall population in the southwestern United States. Due to its’ dependence on healthy oak riparian habitat, there is considerable concern about habitat loss. Audubon “Endangered” List.

Diet: Insects, beetle larvae, fruits, and acorns.

Breeding: Two to four eggs are laid in 24-hour intervals. Nesting takes place in tree cavities. Cavities are usually excavated in dead wood in evergreen oaks, sycamores, maples and cottonwoods; often riparian walnuts.

Cool Facts: The Arizona Woodpecker is the only solid brown-backed woodpecker found in the United States. The Arizona Woodpeckers was formerly known as Strickland’s Woodpecker, but how there’s evidence that the Strickland’s and the Arizona might be two separate species.

In an account from Cornell Lab of Ornithology, “One bold Arizona Woodpecker landed on the leg of a horse and hammered on it as if it was a tree. It came back for another rap after the horse moved off, and caused the horse to plunge and kick to keep it away.”

Found in Songbird ReMix Woodpeckers

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