Double-eyed Fig Parrot

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Common Name: Double-eyed Fig Parrot
Scientific Name: Cyclopsitta diophthalma

Size: 5 - 6 inches (13-15 cm)

Habitat: Australia and New Guinea; primarily inhabits forests on New Guinea and nearby islands, but is also found in isolated communities along the tropical Australian coast, east of the Great Dividing Range. They are found in lowland coastal rainforests (which have mostly been cleared), and in a range of remnant vegetation types - as long as they contain fruiting fig trees.

Status: Not Threatened. Global population: unknown.

Diet: Seeds of near ripe or ripe figs, berries, seeds, nectar, and the grubs of wood-boring insects. This foraging is done in pairs or in a flock of only a few individuals.

Nesting: Most subspecies of the Double-eyed Fig Parrot are sexually dimorphic, with males having more red (less silvery and blue) to the face than the females. It is predominantly green with a very short tail, a disproportionately large head and bill, and red and blue facial markings.

Unlike most parrots which use existing holes in trees for nests, Double-eyed Fig Parrots excavate their own nest cavities, usually in a rotten tree. Nests are excavated from the dead limbs of tall trees in, or close to rainforests. Nest construction is thought to begin in August and breeding occurs from October to December or January. The normal clutch size is probably two.

Cool Facts: Its’ name is derived from the cheek patches of some subspecies that vaguely resemble eyes. This parrot is also known as the Blue-faced Fig Parrot, Red-faced Fig Parrot, Dwarf Fig Parrot, and the Two-eyed Fig Parrot.

The Double-eyed Fig Parrot is the smallest parrot found in Australia.

There are eight described subspecies of the Double-eyed Fig Parrot. The first five are restricted to New Guinea and associated islands; the last three are restricted to Australia.

  • Cyclopsitta diophthalma diophthalma
  • Cyclopsitta diophthalma coccineifrons
  • Cyclopsitta diophthalma aruensis
  • Cyclopsitta diophthalma virago
  • Cyclopsitta diophthalma inseparabilis
  • Cyclopsitta diophthalma marshalli (Marshall's Fig Parrot)
  • Cyclopsitta diophthalma macleayana (Macleay's Fig Parrot or Red-browed Fig Parrot)
  • Cyclopsitta diophthalma coxeni ( Coxen’s Fig Parrot )

Found in Songbird ReMix Australia Volume III

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