Horned Puffin

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Image:HornedPuffin.jpg

Common Name: Horned Puffin
Scientific Name: Fratercula corniculata

Size: 15 inches (38 cm)

Habitat: North Pacific: coasts of Siberia, Alaska and British Columbia, wintering south to California and Baja California. All large breeding colonies of Horned Puffins in North America are located within national wildlife refuges in Alaska. Usually found at sea.

Status: Least Concern. Global Population: 1,200,000 mature individuals. Drift-net fisheries on the high seas killed tens of thousands of Horned Puffins until the practice was largely eliminated by the early 1990s. Coastal fisheries still cause some Horned Puffin deaths. The population of these birds has been declining dramatically due to the introduction of rats onto some islands used for nesting.

Diet: Sandeel, herring and capelin; sometimes squid and crustaceans.

Nesting: The yellow bill plate grows before the breeding season and is shed later. Juveniles resemble non-breeding adults, without "horn" above eye.

Puffins breed in colonies on coasts and islands. Both sexes of the Horned Puffin help to construct their nest. Horned Puffin burrows are usually about 1 meter (3 feet) deep, ending in a chamber. The nesting sites of Horned Puffins are rock crevices on cliffs. Feeding areas are usually located fairly far offshore from the nest. There is usually one chick and both parents feed the young.

After breeding, puffins winter at sea, usually far from coasts and often extending south of the breeding range

Cool Facts: The “Horned” name come from the black horn-like shape above their eyes.


Found in Songbird ReMix Puffins

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