Magnificent Hummingbird

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Common Name: Magnificent Hummingbird
Scientific Name: Eugenes fulgens

Size: 4.3-5.5 inches (11-14 cm)

Habitat: North America; from Southern Arizona to western Panama.

Humid montane forest (primarily in edge and clearings), pastures, open woodland, pine-oak association and scrubby areas.

Status: Least Concern. Global Population: 2,000,000 mature individuals. Habitat destruction may be a problem in Mexico and Central America, but specific effects have not been documented.

Diet: Flower nectar and small insects.

Breeding: The adult male is green-bronze dorsally, becoming more bronzed on the black-tipped tail. The crown is violet, the throat gorget bright blue-green, and the rest of the head black apart from a white spot behind the eye. The chest is green-bronze and the belly greyish. The female Magnificent Hummingbird is bronze-green dorsally and a dull grey ventral coloring. There is a white stripe behind her eye. Immature birds are like the female, but darker and browner. Magnificent Hummingbird males perch conspicuously and defend their feeding territories aggressively.

The female is entirely responsible for nest building and incubation. She lays two white eggs in her bulky cup nest about 3 meters up near the tip of a descending branch stem. Incubation takes 15–19 days, and fledging another 20–26.

Cool Facts: The Magnificent Hummingbird is the second-largest hummingbird north of Mexico. Only the Blue-throated Hummingbird is larger.


Included in Songbird ReMix Hummingbirds of North America

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