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image: apapane.jpg

Hawaiian Name: Apapane
Common Name: Apapane
Scientific Name: Himatione sanguinea

Size: 5 inches (13cm)

Habitat: Oceania; the Hawaiian Islands. The Apapane can be found on six out of the eight Hawaiian Islands. Commonly found in the wet, mesic forests of ‘O’hia lehua blossoms, located on the island of Kauai at Kokee Park, Koolau range on Oahu, and a large population of Apapane at the Volcano National Park on the island of Hawaii. They are mostly found in high altitudes above 1250 meters for protection from predators like the mongoose, rat, and deadly avian malaria carrying mosquitoes These predators are the cause for the great decline in the Apapane population.

Status: Least Concern. Global population: 3000. While the estimated 3000 Apapane number appear to be low, the Apapane is not considered to be an endangered species.

Diet: Primarily ‘O’hia lehua nectar with some fruit and insects.

Breeding: Nests are mostly found in the crown of the ‘O’hia lehua trees. The breeding season is during the months of January thru July. The female have approximately 2-4 white eggs with red markings. Incubation lasts13-14 days and during this time the female does not sing at all and only she incubates the eggs. After hatching, both parents feed the young juveniles and care for them until they are ready to fledge.

Cool Facts: While Apapane nests are mostly found in ‘O’hia lehua trees there is evidence that nests have also been found in lava tubes on the Island of Hawaii.

Apapane are frequently found in small groups, foraging through 'O'hia lehua trees, hopping from flower to flower consuming the nectar; they rarely feed from the ground. The Apapane have two distinct flight patterns: straight flight and a circling flight.

Found in Songbird ReMix Cool & Unusual Birds 2 and Songbird ReMix Hawai'i

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