American Robin

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image: americanrobin.jpg

Common Name: American Robin

Scientific Name: Turdus migratorius

Size: 8-11 inches (20-28cm)

Habitat: North America; found in urban and non-urban settings.

Status: : Least Concern. Global Population: 320,000,000 mature adults. Stable or increasing and common. Deaths due insecticide and lawn fertilizers are increasing. Protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty of 1918 in the United States.

Diet: Invertebrates, especially earthworms, berries and fruit.

Breeding: Male and female look similar; Females are usually paler in the head. They built nests of twigs and sticks, held together often with mud and lined with fine grass. The nest sits low in tree hidden by dense foliage with 3 to 4 blue eggs.

Cool Facts: Robins roost communally in the winter and can number in the hundred of thousands. In the summer, females sleep on the nests and males congregate in roosts. As young robins become independent, they join the males in the roost. Female adults go to the roosts only after they have finished nesting.

While earthworms are important part of the Robin’s diet during the breeding season, but fruit is the main diet during winter. Robins eat earthworms early in the day and more fruit later in the day.

While the Robin can have up to three successful broods in one year, only 40 percent of nests successfully produce young. Only 25 percent of those fledged will survive to November. From that point on, about half of the robins alive in any year will make it to the next. Robin can live to be 14 years old.

While pesticides and fertilizers in lawn can be deadly to Robins so can be a heat wave on berries. Many a berry-eating bird has died from getting drunk on fermented berries.

Robins are considered the harbingers of spring, however they rarely show up until late spring.

Found in the original Songbird Remix

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