Black-throated Sparrow

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image: blackthroatedsparrows.jpg

Common Name: Black-throated Sparrow

Scientific Name: Amphispiza bilineata

Size: 5-6 inches (12-14cm)

Habitat: North America. Summers: Breeds from southern Oregon and Idaho southward to central Mexico and central Texas. Also locally in Washington and central California. Winters: From southern Nevada and central Texas southward.

Status: Least Concern. Global Population: 30,000,000 mature adults. Declining across range in United States, probably because of habitat loss to urban development. .

Diet: Seeds and some insects.

Breeding: Sparrows are generally ground nesters.

Cool Facts: The song is a series of two opening notes followed by a buzz or trill, or sometimes several. Black-throated Sparrows are often found in mixed flocks of White-crowned Sparrows and Brewer's Sparrows in the winter. The Black-throated Sparrow is the king of the desert-adapted sparrows as it can satisfy all its water requirements from the seeds and insects it eats. It will, however, take advantage of spring water if available.

The Black-throated Sparrow establishes a large territory it defends during nest construction and egg laying. Once incubation starts, males are less responsive to intruders and their territory boundary shrinks.

Found in Songbird ReMix Cool and Unusual Birds 2

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