Blue-backed Manakin

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image: bbmanakins.jpg

Common Name: Blue-backed Manakin
Scientific Name: Chiroxiphia pareola

Size: 4¾ -5 inches (13 cm)

Habitat: South America; southern Colombia, eastern Venezuela, the Guyanas, Brazil in the northeast and the Amazon Basin, and in Tobago. A disjunct population exists on the coastal strip of southeast Brazil, about 3000 km long. The Blue-backed Manakin is absent in the northwest Amazon Basin, a region from central Venezuela to the southern border of Colombia. Common in dry and moist deciduous forests, but not the rainforest.

Status: Least Concern. Global population: Unknown. Widespread and common throughout its range.

Diet: Fruit nectar and some insects.

Nesting: The male is mainly black with a bright blue back, and pale orange legs. The crown is typically red, but yellow in C. pareola regina from the south-west Amazon. The female has olive-green upperparts, and somewhat paler olive underparts. Young males are olive, but show a red cap and the start of a blue back as they mature.

The female builds a twig nest in a tree; two brown-mottled white eggs are laid, and incubated entirely by the female for about 20 days.

Cool Facts: The male Blue-backed Manakin has a fascinating breeding display, unusual in that it is a cooperative display rather than competitive. Two males perch next to each other on a bare stick and jump up and down alternately, giving a buzzing call. When a female approaches, the perched bird moves backwards under the jumping bird, so the two perform a vertical circling movement. Groups of up to eight birds may perform together, with a different stick for each pair of displaying males.

Apart from the buzzing display song, Blue-backed Manakin has a number of other calls, including a whee-whee-CHUP, sometimes given by two male in synchrony.

Found in Songbird Remix Amazon

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