Boreal Chickadee

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Image:BorealChickadee.JPG

Common Name: Boreal Chickadee
Scientific Name: Poecile hudsonicus

Size: 4.7-5.5 inches (12-14 cm)

Habitat: North America; Alaska, Canada and Northern edges of the continental United States. The preferred habitat is conifer forests.

Status: Least Concern. Global Population: 8,000,000 mature adults. This species has undergone a large and statistically significant decrease over the last 40 years in North America (-73.3% decline over 40 years, equating to a -28.1% decline per decade. The bird is in decline due to the loss of forested areas due to Canada exploits its’ forests for timber and oil production. This chickadee it protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty of 1918 in the United States.

Diet: Seed and insects. These birds forage on conifer branches or probe into the bark, eating mainly eat insects and seeds, which may be stored for later use.

Breeding: Male and female look alike. They nest in a hole in a tree; the pair excavates the nest, using a natural cavity or sometimes an old woodpecker nest. The pair remains together year round and may mate for life.

Cool Facts: The call is a husky tsik-a-dee-dee, a variant on the call which gives chickadees their name. They often forage in small flocks including other small birds, especially in winter.

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