Bourke's Parrot

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Common Name: Bourke's Parrot
Scientific Name: Neopsephotus bourkii

Size: 7 ½ - 9 inches (19-23 cm)

Habitat: Australia; widespread across arid and semi-arid areas of the inland, from north-western New South Wales and south-western Queensland to the mid-coast of Western Australia, and from the Devil's Marbles in Northern Territory south to Port Augusta, South Australia. Found in mulga and other acacia scrubs, and in native cypress and other open eucalypt woodlands.

Status: Least Concern. Global population: Unknown. In eastern Australia, Bourke's Parrot appears to have been adversely affected by overstocking and rabbit plagues, both of which remove understory plants. In some areas of Western Australia, populations of Bourke's Parrots have expanded since grazing was scaled down, allowing vegetation to regenerate.

Diet: Seeds of grasses and herbs. Feeding mainly on the ground, and only occasionally in trees. Pairs, or small groups of four to six. They need to be near a source of water, which they visit usually at dawn and dusk.

Nesting: The adult male has a blue forehead while the adult female has a little or no blue on the forehead.

The Bourke's Parrot has a clutch of 3 to 6 eggs, which are incubated by the female for 18–19 days, with the chicks fledging at about 4 weeks of age. The female also feeds and tends to the chicks by herself. While the female Bourke's Parrot is incubating the eggs, and also while she is feeding the chicks in the nest, she is fed by the male Bourke's Parrot

Cool Facts: This parrot is also known as the Bourke's Parakeet or "Bourkie” and the only species in its genus Neopsephotus. It is named after General Sir Richard Bourke, Governor of New South Wales from 1831 to 1837.

Another name for Bourke's Parrot is 'Night Parrot', as it will fly into watering places at night. However it is not to be confused with the real, and extremely rare and probably extinct, Night Parrot, Pezoporus occidentalis.

Found in Songbird ReMix Australia Volume I

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