Broad-billed Hummingbird

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Common Name: Broad-billed Hummingbird
Scientific Name: Cynanthus latirostris

Size: 3.25-3.5 inches (9-10 cm)

Habitat: North America; Mexico to southeastern Arizona. Broad-billed Hummingbirds that nest in Arizona are migratory; populations in Mexico are resident year-round in their breeding range.

Found in arid scrub, open deciduous forest, semi-desert and other open situations in arid habitats.

Status: Least Concern. Global Population: 2,000,000 mature individuals. The population trend is increasing in North America (based on BBS/CBC data: Butcher and Niven 2007). Diet: Flower nectar, small insects, and tree sap.

Breeding: Adults are colored predominantly a metallic green on their upperparts and breast. The undertail coverts are predominately white. The tail is darkly colored and slightly forked. The bill of the male is straight and very slender. It is red in coloration, and shows a black tip. His throat is a deep blue. The female is less colorful than the male. She usually shows a white eye stripe. The male Broad-billed Hummingbird performs a courtship display, starting by hovering about a foot from the female and then flying in repeated arcs, like a pendulum.

The female builds a nest in a protected location in a shrub or tree. Females lay two white eggs.

Cool Facts: One of the smallest and most colorful hummingbirds in North America. Broad-bills weigh approximately three to four grams.

Included in Songbird ReMix Hummingbirds of North America

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