Cactus Wren

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image: cactuswren.jpg

Common Name: Cactus Wren

Scientific Name: Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus

Size: 7-9 inches (18-22cm)

Habitat: North America; throughout American Southwest and Mexico. Found in desert areas.

Status: Least Concern. Global Population: 8,000,000 mature individuals. Common within its area. Populations are decreasing due to habitat loss.

Diet: Mostly Insects and spiders, some fruit and in rare instances, reptiles. Forages on the ground or in shrubs.

Breeding: A domed nest with a tunnel entrance usually in cactus or a thorny tree. 2-7 pink eggs with small red-brown spots on the larger end.

Cool Facts: The Cactus Wren is the largest wren in North America and can survive without any freestanding water.

Cactus wrens are very aggressive, territorial and bold. They frequently will destroy other birds nests found within their territory. Cactus wrens will mob nest predators. In one account, “A pair was observed attacking a Yuma antelope squirrel so vigorously that the squirrel became impaled on the thorns of a cactus called the cholla. The wrens continued to peck the squirrel until it was knocked to the ground where it escaped.”

The extreme cold of the desert nights has more impact than the heat of the day on a Cactus wren’s nesting success.

Found in Songbird Remix Characters

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