Calliope Hummingbird

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Common Name: Calliope Hummingbird
Scientific Name: Stellula calliope

Size: 3.5 inches (9 cm)

Habitat: North America; Summers: The Pacific Northwest from Northern California to British Columbia. Winters: Southern Mexico to Central America.

Found in open montane forest, mountain meadows, willow and alder thickets while in migration and, in winter, they are also found in chaparral, lowland brushy areas, deserts and semi-desert regions.

Status: Least Concern. Global Population: 1,000,000 mature individuals. This species has had stable population trends over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Diet: Flower nectar and small insects.

Breeding: These birds have glossy green on the back and crown with white underparts. Their bill and tail are relatively short. The adult male has wine-red streaks on the throat, green flanks and a dark tail. Females and immatures have a pinkish wash on the flanks, dark streaks on the throat and a dark tail with white tips.

The female builds an open cup nest in a conifer under an overhanging branch.

Cool Facts: It is the only member of the Stellula genus. The genus name means "little star". This bird was named after the Greek muse Calliope.

Included in Songbird ReMix Hummingbirds of North America

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