Coxen’s Fig Parrot

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image: coxensfigparrot.jpg

Common Name: Coxen's Fig Parrot
Scientific Name: Cyclopsitta diophthalma coxeni

Size: 6 inches (15 cm)

Habitat: Australia. East of the Great Dividing Range between Port Maquarie in New South Wales and near Gladstone in Queensland. However, within this small range it is fragmented into even smaller populations. They are found in lowland coastal rainforests (which have mostly been cleared), and in a range of remnant vegetation types - as long as they contain fruiting fig trees.

Status: Critically endangered. Global population: >100. Endangered due to demands placed on their habitat by an expanding human population. It is estimated that no more than 100 mature individuals remain. Recovery is threatened by loss of and fragmentation of the birds’ preferred. A captive recovery program has being in place for a number of years and is actively supported by the Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary situated at the Gold Coast, Queensland.

Diet: Seeds of near ripe or ripe fruits of native figs, and/or insect larvae.

Nesting: Nests are excavated from the dead limbs of tall trees in, or close to rainforests. Nest construction is thought to begin in August and breeding occurs from October to December or January. The normal clutch size is probably two.

Cool Facts: Coxen's fig-parrot is one of Australia's rarest and least known birds. It has been recorded on just over 200 occasions since Gould described it in 1867. Confirmed or credible sighting reports continue to be made in both range states, including about 30 records in north-east New South Wales since 1970 and twice this number in south-east Queensland over the last decade alone.

Coxen's fig-parrot is cryptic and extremely difficult to see in its habitat and may therefore be more common than the number of sightings suggest.

Found in Songbird Remix Threatened Endangered Extinct 2 and Songbird ReMix Australia Volume III

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