Cuban Emerald

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Image:Cuban emerald.JPG

Common Name: Cuban Emerald or Zun-zun
Scientific Name: Chlorostilbon ricordii

Size: 3.5 - 4 inches (9-10.5 cm)

Habitat: North America; endemic to Cuba and the Bahamas.

It is found in a wide range of semi-open habitats; forests, coastal vegetation, and gardens.

Status: Least Concern. Global Population: Unknown amount of mature individuals. The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'common'.

Diet: Flower nectar and small insects. The Cuban emerald is bigger than its cousin, the bee hummingbird, and as a result feeds on a much larger array of blossoms. Because of this size difference, the two species have avoided competing with each other for food.

Breeding: The male has a short bill with a black upper mandible and a red lower mandible with a black tip. Upper parts are dark green while under parts are shiny green with a hint of metallic blue. The under-tail coverts are white and the tail is deeply forked. The female is similar but the under parts are brownish-grey with green flanks and the tail is slightly less forked. Both sexes have a whitish spot behind the eye/

The female builds a nest in a protected location in a shrub or tree. Females lay two white eggs.

Cool Facts: The Zun-zun is the national bird of Cuba.


Included in Songbird ReMix Hummingbirds of North America

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