Curl-crested Aracari

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Common Name: Curl-crested Aracari
Scientific Name: Pteroglossus beauharnaesii

Size: 16 - 18 inches (40-45 cm)

Habitat: South America; Peru, Bolivia and Brazil. It is found in the southwestern section of the Amazon Basin, with the Amazon River being its northern range limit. Near the Amazon River, its range extends east to about the Madeira River, while it in the southern half of its range extends east to around the Xingu River. It is overall rare to uncommon, but regularly seen at several localities, including the Tambopata-Candamo reserve in Peru, the Noel Kempff Mercado National Park in Bolivia, and the Cristalino State Park near Alta Floresta in Brazil.

Its natural habitat is tropical moist lowland forests, forest edges and clearings where it feeds mainly on fruit.

Status: Least Concern. Global Population: The population size has not been quantified, but is believe to be declining. Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable.

Diet: Fruits, insects, frogs, lizards and bird eggs and nestlings. They seem particularly fond of attacking Yellow-rumped Cacique (Cacicus cela) nests.

Nesting: Males slightly larger than females. The most significant feature is the curled feathers on the crown of the head but also note the relatively short bill and the relatively long tail. Upperparts are dark green with dark red mantle and rump. The pale throat leads to a yellow breast with increasing blotches of red to a band of red and black, with a yellow belly. The bare skin round the eye is light blue while the bill is spectacular with an orangey tip, blue and maroon on the maxilla and an ivory mandible.

It nests in tree cavities; high in the canopy. The entrance hole is preferred to be only large enough for a bird to fit through. This cavity may also be used for several years. Bill fencing is thought to be a courtship ritual. Two to four, white eggs are laid. Both parents share in the incubation which lasts 16-20 days. The chicks hatch blind and naked and have specialized heel pads that protect the chicks against the rough texture of the cavity floor. The young are cared for by both parents and fledge at around 6-10 weeks. Additional clutches may follow.

Cool Facts: Aracaris generally roost socially throughout the year. Up to five adults and their fledged offspring sleep in the same hole with their long tails folded over their backs.

Found in Songbird ReMix Toucans 2

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