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Common Name: Goldcrest
Scientific Name: Regulus regulus

Size: 3.3-3.7 inches (8.5-9.5 cm); Wingspan: 5.3-6.1inches (13.6-15.5 cm)

Habitat: Eurasia; its range includes much of Eurasia and the islands of Macaronesia. Birds from the north and east of the breeding range migrate further south to winter.

The Goldcrest breeds in coniferous woodland and urban gardens.

Status: Least Concern. Global population: 80,000,000-200,000,000 mature individuals. In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline. It may be killed by birds of prey or carry parasites, but its large range and population mean that it is not considered to present any significant conservation concerns.

Diet: Insects, fruit and berries. This kinglet is constantly on the move as it searches for insects to eat, and in winter it is often found with flocks of tits. The flight is distinctive; it consists of whirring wing-beats with occasional sudden changes of direction. Shorter flights while feeding are a mix of dashing and fluttering with frequent hovering. It moves restlessly among foliage, regularly creeping on branches and up and down trunks.

Nesting: It has olive-green upper parts, buff-white under parts, two white wing bars, and a plain face with conspicuous black irises. The crown of the head has black sides and a narrow black front, the male has a bright crest of yellow with an orange center, while in the female the crest is entirely yellow. During display the crest is erected, making the distinctive orange stripe of the male much more conspicuous. The small, thin bill is black, and the legs are dark flesh-brown. Apart from the crest color, the sexes are alike, although in fresh plumage, the female may have very slightly paler upper parts and greyer under parts than the adult male. The juvenile is similar to the adult, but has duller upper parts and lacks the colored crown. Although the young birds are almost indistinguishable from adults in the field, their tail and flight feathers may be retained into the first winter.

It builds a compact, three-layered nest on a tree branch. Ten to twelve eggs are incubated by the female alone, but the chicks are fed by both parents; second broods are common.

Cool Facts: Its colorful golden crest feathers gives rise to its English and scientific names, and possibly to it being called the "king of the birds" in European folklore.

Found in Songbird Remix Woodland Jewels

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