Long-billed Dowitcher

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Common Name: Long-billed Dowitcher
Scientific Name: Limnodromus scolopaceus

Size: 11.5 inches (29.2 cm)

Habitat: North and South America, Asia; Breeding Range: far north of North America and eastern Siberia. Migration: They migrate to the southern United States and as far south as Central America. Long-billed Dowitcher is a rare but regular visitor to western Europe, with some individuals staying for long periods.

Status: Least Concern. Global population: 400,000. It is protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 in the US.

Diet: Insects, mollusks, crustaceans and marine worms, but also eat some plant material. They forage by probing in shallow water or on wet mud to the depth of the bill, sometimes submerging the head. Short jabbing and probing in distinctive "sewing machine" motion.

Nesting: They nest on the ground, usually near water. The nest is a deep depression in grass or moss, lined with grasses and small leaves. Often damp at bottom. The egg color is a light olive-greenish or bluish with brown spotting, denser at the large end. Although both sexes share incubation of the eggs, only the male takes care of the young once they hatch. Downy chicks able to walk immediately leave nest when all are hatched and are not fed by their parents.

Cool Facts: They are more likely to be seen near fresh water than the Short-billed Dowitcher.

Most Siberian breeding Long-billed Dowitchers likely migrate to the Americas during the winter.

Found in Songbird ReMix Shorebirds Volume 3: Small Waders

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