O'o nuku'umu

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image: BlackMamo.jpg

Hawaiian Name: O'o nuku'umu
Common Name: Black Mamo
Scientific Name: Drepanis funerea

Size: 8 inches (20 cm)

Habitat: Oceania; Hawaiian Islands (Moloka'i, Hawai'i and fossils found Mau’i). Found in forest understory.

Status: Extinct (1907). Global Population: 0. Its’ extinction was probably largely caused by the destruction of its understory habitat by introduced cattle and deer, and predation of its nests by introduced rats and mongooses.

Diet: Flower Nectar (primarily arboreal lobelia and Ohi'a-lehua) and some insects. They spent only a few seconds over each flower, darting their tongues very rapidly in and out.

Nesting: Both sexes were alike although the beak of the male is perhaps longer and the female may be generally smaller.

Cool Facts: R.C.L. Perkins first discovered this beautiful jet-black bird in 1893 in Pelekunu Valley on Moloka’i. The last sightings of the bird were in 1907, but they were seen further to the east on the island. A survey on Moloka’i in 1936 failed to find any specimens. Perkins believed that in most respects, including the voice, this species closely resembled the Hawaii mamo, Drepanis pacifica. Black mamos were so tame that their discoverer was able to watch them at very close quarters as they worked their way from one large flower to another.

The last Black Mamos were observed in 1907 by a collector, Alanson Bryan, who had shot three birds. Tim Flannery quoted him as having written, "To my joy I found the mangled remains hanging in the tree in a thick bunch of leaves, six feet or more beyond where it had been sitting."

The Hawaiian name refers to " 'O'o with the sucking beak"

Found in Songbird ReMix Threatened Endangered Extinct 2 and Songbird ReMix Hawai'i

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