Olive-backed Oriole

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Common Name: Olive-backed Oriole
Scientific Name: Oriolus sagittatus

Size: 10½ - 11 inches (26-28 cm)

Habitat: Australia; occurs across coastal regions of northern and eastern Australia from the Kimberley region in Western Australia, right around the east coast to Adelaide in South Australia. Sedentary in the north of its range, but appears to be a summer migrant to the more southern part of its range. Small groups undertake nomadic movements, following fruiting trees during the autumn and winter.

The Olive-backed Oriole prefers forests, woodlands and rainforests, as well as well-treed urban areas, particularly parks and golf courses.

Status: Least Concern. Global population: unknown. Olive-backed Orioles are commonly encountered in urban parks and golf-courses, particularly those that have fruit-bearing trees.

Diet: Fruit and insects. Although they are sometimes seen in small groups, particularly in autumn and winter, they more often occur alone or in pairs, feeding on insects and fruit in canopy trees.

Nesting: Females have cinnamon-edged wings and both sexes have reddish bills and eyes.

The female Olive-backed Oriole builds a cup-shaped nest which is attached by its rim to a horizontal fork on the outer-edge of the foliage of a tree or tall shrub. Nests are usually around 10 m above the ground, and built of strips of bark and grass, bound with spider web. The male does not build the nest, or incubate the eggs, but he feeds the young after the eggs hatch.

Cool Facts: The most wide-ranging of the Australasian orioles, it is noisy and conspicuous. Olive-backed Orioles are excellent mimics of other birds, and are also 'ventriloquists', meaning they can 'throw' their voices to sound like they are calling from somewhere else.

Found in Songbird ReMix Australia Volume II

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