Plate-billed Mountain Toucan

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image: pbmtoucan.jpg

Common Name: Plate-billed Mountain Toucan
Scientific Name: Andigena laminirostris

Size: 19 ½ - 20 ½ inches (49-52 cm)

Habitat: South America. Found in moss and bromeliad shrouded, humid montane forests, forest edges and shrub edges. This areas average rainfall is 14 feet a year and the average temperatures are 52-77 F.

Status: Near Threatened. Global Population: unknown. Habitat loss is a key factor in this Toucan’s decline in population.

Diet: Fruits, berries, drupes and dehiscents. This species will hold fruit in place and break it apart to consume. Diet is almost exclusively fruits but some insects and eggs.

Nesting: Sexes alike but female has shorter bill; immature birds have overall duller plumage. Season may last from March-October but generally is from May-August. Nesting occurs in tree cavities. This toucan generally excavates nest holes in palm logs, but has also been known to usurp barbet nests and renovate them to their liking. Nests are built 6-30m from ground. Courtship feeding occurs at the nest. After the cavity is completed, the entrance hole is widened. The clutch is 2-3 white eggs. Incubation lasts about 16 days and fledging occurs at 46-60 days. The young will not return to nest afterwards. Parents may produce a second clutch as early as 20 days after the first clutch fledges.

Cool Facts: Plate-billed Mountain Toucans move about in small groups (3-6 birds) within an established territory. They forage in fruit rich trees and will vigorously defend their area. Seasonal movement occurs in some areas.

Found in Songbird ReMix Toucans

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