Red-breasted Nuthatch

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image: redbreastednuthatch.jpg

Common Name: Red-breasted Nuthatch

Scientific Name: Sitta canadensis

Size: 4 inches (11 cm)

Habitat: North america; United States and Canada in conifer forests

Status: Least Concern. Global Population: 18,000,000 Mature individuals. Populations are increasing throughout most of the range.

Diet: Seed and insect. Forging occurs by probing crevices in tree bark, climbing down tree trunks headfirst

Breeding: Five to six eggs are laid in cavities in trees and branches of a conifer.

Cool Facts: The Red-breasted Nuthatch is the only North American Nuthatch with an eye stripe. Nuthatches are very aggressive towards many other bird species during nesting season. It will chase away nest hole competitors. The nuthatch's aggressive tendencies subside after the nest is finished, although it remains aggressive towards potential predators and competitors.

Nuthatches apply sticky conifer resin to the entrance of its nest hole. It carries the resin in its bill or on pieces of bark and the bill or bark as an applicator. Males apply the resin to the outside of the hole while the female do the interior. It is believed that the resin helps to keep out predators. The host nuthatches avoid the resin by diving directly through the hole.

Red-breasted Nuthatches migrate southward earlier than most other species. They may begin in early July and may reach their southernmost point by September or October.

Found in Songbird Remix Cool and Unusual Birds

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