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Common Name: Redwing
Scientific Name: Turdus iliacus

Size: 7.9-9.4 inches (20-24 cm); Wingspan: 12.9-13.6 inches (33-34.5 cm)

Habitat: Europe, Asia and Africa; it breeds in northern regions of Europe and Asia, from Iceland south to northernmost Scotland, and east through Scandinavia, the Baltic States, northern Poland and Belarus, and through most of Russia. It is migratory, wintering in western, central and southern Europe, northwest Africa, and southwest Asia east to northern Iran. Birds in some parts of the west of the breeding range (particularly southwestern Norway) may be resident, not migrating at all; while those in the far east of the range migrate at least 6,500–7,000 km to reach their wintering grounds.

Its common habitat is conifer and birch forests and the tundra.

Status: Least Concern. Global population: 48,000,000-63,000,000 individuals. In recent years it has expanded its range slightly, both in Eastern Europe where it now breeds south into northern Ukraine, and in southern Greenland

Diet: Insects and berries. It is omnivorous, eating a wide range of insects and earthworms all year, supplemented by berries in autumn and winter, particularly of rowan (Sorbus aucuparia) and hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna). Migrating and wintering birds often form loose flocks of ten to 200 or more birds, often feeding together with Fieldfares, Common Blackbirds, and Starlings.

Nesting: The sexes are similar, with plain brown backs and with dark brown spots on the white under parts. The most striking identification features are the red flanks and under wing, and the creamy white stripe above the eye.

It breeds in conifer and birch forests as well as tundra. Redwings nest in shrubs or on the ground, laying four to six eggs in a neat nest. Eggs are incubated for 12–13 days and the chicks fledge at 12–15 days, with the young remaining dependent on their parents for a further 14 days.

Cool Facts: This species was first described by Linnaeus in his “Systema naturae“ in 1758 under its current scientific name. The English name derives from the bird's red under wing.

Found in Songbird Remix Woodland Jewels

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