Spot-billed Pelican

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Common Name: Spot-billed Pelican
Scientific Name: Pelecanus philippensis

Size: 49-60 inches (125-152 cm)

Habitat: Asia; breeds in India, Sri Lanka and Cambodia. Found inland and at coastal waters, especially shallow lakes.

Status: Near Threatened. Global Population: 13,000 - 18,000 mature individuals. This species has declined at a moderately rapid rate owing to a number of threats. A crucial factor in its decline was the loss of the Sittang valley breeding colony in Myanmar through deforestation and loss of feeding-sites. Key threats are a combination of human disturbance at breeding colonies and wetlands, extensive felling of nesting trees, hunting and poaching of eggs and chicks. Additional threats include loss of important feeding-sites through siltation, agricultural intensification, aquaculture development, drainage and conversion of wetlands, declines in wetland productivity as a result of pesticide use, and over-exploitation of fisheries. There is some persecution resulting from competition between the birds and fishers. A potential but as yet unqualified threat is posed by avian influenza. The Philippines population is extinct.

Diet: Fish and some marine invertebrates. Prey is caught by fishing from the water surface.

Nesting: The nest is a heap of vegetation in a tree. Three to four eggs is the usual clutch size. All Pelicans nest in colonies.

Cool Facts: Pakistan has designated it as the provincial bird of Sindh.

Found in Songbird ReMix Pelicans

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