Vermillion Flycatcher

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image: Vermillionflycatcher.jpg

Common Name: Vermillion Flycatcher
Scientific Name: Pyrocephalus rubinus

Size: 5-6 inches (13-15cm)

Habitat: North America. Summers: Breeds in southern Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, and widely throughout Mexico, Central America, and much of South America, including the Galapagos Islands. Winters: Resident year-round throughout almost all of breeding range. Populations in the United States migrate or wander in winter. Found in scrub, desert, cultivated lands, and riparian woodlands.

Status: Least Concern. Global Population: 5,000,000 - 50,000,000 mature individuals. Common in most of it’s range. Human water use and land development have caused drastic declines in Vermilion Flycatcher populations in the lower Colorado River Valley. Habitat destruction poses threats to the species in various parts of its range.

Diet: Insects and other arthropods. Sits and waits on an open perch, locates prey, and pursues it. Often takes prey on the wing, from ground level to a height of about 10 meters (33 ft).

Breeding: The nest is a loose cup of twigs, grasses, and fibers, lined with down, feathers, and hair.

Usually placed in a fork in a horizontal tree branch, about 8-20 feet off the ground. 2 to 4 white or creamy colored eggs, with bold dark blotches and small lighter spots are laid.

Cool Facts: The male often seeks to initiate courtship by delivering a butterfly or other showy insect to the female. The average male Vermilion Flycatcher spends about 90 percent of the day perched.

Found in Songbird ReMix Cool and Unusual Birds 2

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